Want to know about History of Agra?

   

I am writing this page of Agra history for those visitors who very much           likes to digg the subject of History. I came across many tourists who were     really curious to know "who , when and where" ,things about Agra history. So  let  me start.....

AGRA, the city of Taj was established in 1475 by Badal Singh. Agra finds   mention in the Mahabharata as Agraban. Agra city in those days was  considered to be the sister city of Mathura which was more prominent than Agraban.
Agra came into its own when the Lodhi Kings chose this place beside the Yamuna to be their capital city. Sikander Lodhi made Agra his capital but Babar defeated the Lodhis to capture not only Agra but also laid the foundation of the Mughal empire.
The coming of Babar heralded a   new era which was to see Agra at its zenith during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan. It was during Akbar's period that Agra became the center of  art, culture and commerce and learning. This trend reached its height when   Shah Jahan became the ruler.

Agra is famous as being home to one of the wonders of the world-the Taj Mahal, built by Shah Jahan. Mughal emperors with their passion for building, endowed the city with some of the finest structures in the world .
"Hats off ! to these people.
They had all the time and money in that world."  But if they havn't done it, then from where we would have got Agra history. So thanks to them.....

At present Agra is a pleasant town with a comparatively slow pace, Agra is well connected by road, rail and air with all-important cities in India. The local airport is known as the Kheria Airport and is located at a distance of seven kilometers from the city centre.
Agra is known for its superb inlay work on marble and soapstone by craftsmen who are descendants of those who worked under the Mughals. The city is also famous for its carpets, gold thread embroidery and leather goods.
Also famous at Agra are some of its local sweets like petha and gazak, and   saltish snack called dalmoth.Other popular business in Agra are cold storages      of potatos and cast Iron products.
Air Travel to Agra/Road Travel to Agra
Which is the most highly recommended way of getting to  ? Is it        Air travel or road travel? .You can take a bus arranged by your tour operator   for a group trip to Agra. If you want economy use a train among i mentioned below. And if your budget allows than a private taxi with driver is a best bet.
Air Travel To India!      
 Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkota and Chennai are the best connected cities of India         to the International Flights . To see the the most popular "Golden  Triangle    Tour" (Delhi-Agra-Jaipur), you have to take a flight to Delhi.
You can get some good discount air fares to New Delhi on connecting Flights rather than direct flights. Most of these cheap flights operate via hubs in the Middle East, such as Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Bahrain.
There is no direct international flight to Agra but some chartered flights do    come to Agra, but this does not stop tourists , Taj mahal still has higest     number of tourists in India per year.

 

Air Travel to Agra           
Agra airport is 7 km from the city center and 3 km  from Idgah bus stand. Flight service to Agra's Kheria Airport  is stop and go. It only takes 40 minutes from Delhi to Agra.
Recently KingFisher Airlines started routine direct flights between Agra , Jaipur and Delhi. 
You can check some good offers    of 
Agra Travel by Train                                                                                            
 Agra is well connected by railroad. The  main railway station is the  Agra Cantonment station. Agra is well connected by rail to Delhi, Varanasi and      cities of Rajasthan.  
Trains like  ShatabdiRajdhani, and Taj Express  are  the good choices  if you want to reach Agra from Delhi .
If you want to experience Royalty and luxury ,go for Palace on Wheels
   

Palace on wheels gives you a week in wonderland. 
Foreign tourists and Non Resident Indians (NRIs) are also offered priority reservation benefits not available to the local Indian population.
Indian Railways allow foreign tourists to make train reservations up to 360 days in advance. Indian residents however  can make train reservations only up to 60 days in advance.
To plan your train itinerary log on to the
To book online train reservation go to
Some important train timings from Delhi to Agra ion  at 8am; it returns to Delhi at 11:05pm       (except Friday). Alternatively, you can catch the Taj Express, which        leaves Delhi's Nizamuddin  Station  at 7:15am, returning to Delhi at 10:05       pm.
Some other train servicing the city are : G.T. Express ( New Delhi to       Chennai), Dadar Express (Mumbai to Amritsar), Jhelum Express (Jammu to    Pune), Kalinga Utkal Express (New Delhi to Puri), Karnataka Express (New      Delhi to Trivendrum), Ujjani Express (Dehradoon to Ujjain) and Hyderabad  Express (New Delhi to Hyderabad).
Agra Cantonment Railway Station (inquiries tel. 131 or 133,reservations        0562/242-0998) has prepaid taxi/auto-rickshaw hire (Rs 50-Rs 120/            $1.15-$2.80) at Platform 1; this is also where you can book a  city      sightseeing tour. Trains from Rajasthan pull in at the Agra Fort Station.            (If you're arriving from elsewhere, avoid the inconveniently located Agra         City Station.)
Agra/Jaipur The journey to Jaipur takes around 4 hour by train no. 2988    which leaves Agra Fort Railway Station at 6:25 PM and reaches Jaipur at    around 10:20PM.
The luxury train - 'Palace on Wheels' stops at Agra on its eight day round       trip of tourist destinations in Rajasthan and Agra.

Agra Travel by Road                                                                           Agra lies less than 4 hours away, on a good double-carriage highway from     Delhi.So, if you're coming to Agra from Delhi or Jaipur, the best way is to  travel by road.

Avoid government buses if possible.
If you are traveling in a group and luxury bus is arranged by your hotel or tour operator they may be fine to use. However if you have the option, choose a private taxi for Agra travel by road.  When you rent a private car in India, it usually comes with a driver.
Prices for private taxis can be negotiated depending on the number of days you need the taxi. Private taxi charges also vary with the make of the car you choose. In Delhi most taxis will quote a price starting from Rupees 7/Km. Check about night charges.
Agra Tourist Attractions

Taj Mahal 
An Elegy created in marble "or an " expression of true love", the Taj Mahal       was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his Begum Arjumand Bano better known Mumtaj Mahal. The construction of Taj Mahal was started in  1631AD and completed by the end of 1648AD.

Red Fort  Near the gardens of the Taj Mahal stands the important 16th-century Mughal monument known as the Red Fort of Agra. This powerful fortress of red sandstone encompasses, within its 2.5-km-long enclosure walls, the imperial city of the Mughal rulers.

Sikandra 
The Mughal Emperor Akbar, known as Akbar the Great, ruled an empire that stretched across North India from 1556 to 1605. His reign is considered the pinnacle of Mughal rule in India.
This is also one of the very good historical monument in Agra.

Fatehpur Sikri

    Built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri (the City  of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The hill-top city lies 37 kms from Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh.  This deserted city has two distinct complexes.

Aerosvit Airlines